Treatment and Diagnosis of Behavioral Disorders

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The vast majority do not know what behavioral disorders are, exactly until this problem manifests itself in their loved ones. People perceive deviant behavior as a feature of the character of a particular person, but this is a mental problem that needs to be dealt with by professional medical methods.

People suffering from behavioral (externalized) disorders experience a persistent inability to plan and control their own behavior, they cannot build social relationships with relatives, friends, and colleagues, and they also experience problems with memory loss and intellectual abilities. The term “behavioral disorders” includes persistent changes in behavioral patterns that do not correspond to generally accepted social norms.

Behavioral disorder – symptoms, and features

Symptoms of behavioral disorders can be varied, depending on the individual characteristics of a particular person, the type and severity of the pathological process, as well as the areas of the brain affected in cognitive disorders.

Behavioral Disorders
Behavioral Disorders

Key symptoms of behavioral disorders include.

  1. Violation of individual cognitive functions.
  2. Memory impairment and decreased mental performance.
  3. Decreased concentration.
  4. Difficulties in the perception and understanding of someone else’s speech, textual and visual information.
  5. Violations of remembering recent, and later distant events.
  6. The ability to generalize the information received and form objective conclusions is deteriorating.
  7. Antisocial behavior that violates the rights and interests of others.
  8. Poor or no control over one’s own emotions.
  9. The tendency to “shift” one’s guilt onto other people.

The above symptoms are the main ones in cognitive and emotional-behavioral disorders. In some cases, the symptomatology expands significantly – it is taken into account when correcting behavioral disorders in a particular patient.

Cognitive Behavioral Personality Disorder

Cognitive behavioral disorders are called specific disorders in the cognitive (cognitive) sphere of the brain this is a complex disorder in the process of which there is a violation of the rational understanding of comprehension of the surrounding world. the perception of new information, its processing, and rational analysis, as well as subsequent storage in memory.

The causes of the appearance of cognitive disorders can be quite a lot of factors. from a wide range of diseases to direct damage to the brain by mechanical trauma. This type of disorder can manifest itself in people of any gender, age, and social group. But to a greater extent, older people are prone to the problem.

Competent and timely psychotherapy of behavioral disorders in combination with drug therapy is the key to successful treatment.

Emotional Behavioral Disorder

In most cases, emotional behavioral disorders are formed in childhood or adolescence. It can be accompanied by unsuitableness, excessive aggression, cruelty, indiscipline, lying, running away from home, and other aspects of deviant behavior.

Experts note a clear gender dependence. In children, the problem manifests itself in the following ratio. 1 girl to 4 boys, and in adolescence 2.5 boys to 1 girl.

The key reasons for the development of emotional-behavioral disorders are. Hormonal imbalance, metabolic disorders, cerebral palsy, emotional instability, a distorted perception of cause-and-effect relationships, psychological trauma (caused by immoral parental behavior), peer hostility, etc.

Treatment and diagnosis of behavioral disorders

Diagnosis is carried out by a psychiatrist based on clinical methods. To obtain objective data, the doctor examines the extracts of highly specialized doctors. a neurologist and an ophthalmologist, and when treating children, he collects characteristics from teachers and educators. As a rule, diagnostics is carried out in three main stages. Clinical conversation, observation, and psych diagnostics.

Treatment of behavioral disorders is prescribed taking into account the form of the disorder. cognitive or behavioral. In the treatment of the cognitive form, drug therapy is prescribed using a wide range of drugs that help restore the cognitive functions of the body.

Treatment of the behavioral form of disorders is based on an integrated approach that includes. Drug therapy, group and individual sessions with a psychologist.

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